Dataset: Transcription profiling of mouse S49 lymphoma cell deathless (D-) cell variant
The second messenger cAMP acts via protein kinase A (PKA) to induce apoptosis by mechanisms that are poorly understood. Here, we assessed...
The second messenger cAMP acts via protein kinase A (PKA) to induce apoptosis by mechanisms that are poorly understood. Here, we assessed a role for mitochondria and analyzed gene expression in cAMP/PKA-promoted apoptosis by comparing wild-type (WT) S49 lymphoma cells and the S49 variant, D- (cAMP-deathless), which lacks cAMP-promoted apoptosis but has wild-type levels of PKA activity and cAMP-promoted G1 growth arrest. Treatment of WT, but not D-, S49 cells with 8-CPT-cAMP for 24 h induced loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial release of cytochrome c and Smac and increase in caspase-3 activity. Gene expression analysis (using Affymetrix 430 2.0 Arrays) revealed that WT and D- cells incubated with 8-CPT-cAMP have similar, but non-identical, extents of cAMP-regulated gene expression at 2h (~800 transcripts) and 6h (~1000 transcripts) (|Fold|>2, P<0.06); by contrast, at 24h ~2500 and ~1100 transcripts were changed in WT and D- cells, respectively. Using an approach that combined regression analysis, clustering and functional annotation to identify transcripts that showed differential expression between WT and D- cells, we found differences in cAMP-mediated regulation of mRNAs involved in transcriptional repression, apoptosis, the cell cycle, RNA splicing, Golgi and lysosomes. The 2 cell lines differed in CREB phosphorylation and expression of the transcriptional inhibitor Icer and in cAMP-regulated expression of genes in the Inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) and Bcl families. The findings indicate that cAMP/PKA-promoted apoptosis of lymphoid cells occurs via mitochondrial-mediated events and imply that such apoptosis involves gene networks in multiple biochemical pathways. Experiment Overall Design: S49 D- cells were treated with 8-CPT-cAMP over the course of 24 hours. Cells were prepared for hybridization to microarrays at times 0-untreated, 2h, 6h, and 24h after treatment with 8-CPT-cAMP. Experimental replicates were as follows n=4 for time 0 and n=3 for 2, 6, and 24h post treatment.
- Dec.12, 2014
- Nov.24, 2014