Dataset: Expression data from HAART interruption in HIV patients
We evaluated longitudinal changes in viral replication and emergence of viral variants in the context of T cell homeostasis and gene...
We evaluated longitudinal changes in viral replication and emergence of viral variants in the context of T cell homeostasis and gene expression in GALT of three HIV-positive patients who initiated HAART during primary HIV infection but opted to interrupt therapy thereafter. Longitudinal viral sequence analysis revealed that a stable proviral reservoir was established in GALT during primary HIV infection that persisted through early HAART and post-therapy interruption. Proviral variants in GALT and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) displayed low levels of genomic diversity at all times. A rapid increase in viral loads with a modest decline of CD4 T cells in peripheral blood was observed, while gut mucosal CD4 T cell loss was severe following HAART interruption. This was accompanied by increased mucosal gene expression regulating interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral responses and immune activation, a profile similar to those found in HAART-naive HIV-infected patients. Gut mucosal responses to HAART interruption were evaluated with Affymetrix arrays
- Dec.12, 2014
- Sep.16, 2014