Dataset: Transcription profiling of mouse brain Homer1a-expressing cells after sleep deprivation
To gain insight into the molecular changes of sleep need, this study addresses gene expression changes in a subpopulation of neurons...
To gain insight into the molecular changes of sleep need, this study addresses gene expression changes in a subpopulation of neurons selectively activated by sleep deprivation. Whole brain expression analyses after 6h sleep deprivation clearly indicate that Homer1a is the best index of sleep need, consistently in all mouse strains analyzed. Transgenic mice expressing a FLAG-tagged poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) under the control of Homer1a promoter were generated. Because PABP binds the poly(A) tails of mRNA, affinity purification of FLAG-tagged PABP proteins from whole brain lysates, is expected to co-precipitate all mRNAs from neurons expressing Homer1a. Three other activity-induced genes (Ptgs2, Jph3, and Nptx2) were identified by this technique to be over-expressed after sleep loss. All four genes play a role in recovery from glutamate-induced neuronal hyperactivity. The consistent activation of Homer1a suggests a role for sleep in intracellular calcium homeostasis for protecting and recovering from the neuronal activation imposed by wakefulness. Experiment Overall Design: Experiments were performed on male mice, 12 weeks of age +/- 1 week. Animals were housed in polycarbonate cages (31x18x18cm) in an experimental room with an ambient temperature varying from 23° to 25°C under a 12:12 hrs light/dark cycle. Food and water were available ad libitum. At light onset mice were either sleep deprived by gentle handling (n=10) or left undisturbed (n=10) for 6 hrs. Animals were then randomly sacrificed by cervical dislocation. Total RNA from the whole brain was isolated for control (n=4) and sleep deprived (n=4) using a commercial RNA extraction kit (RNeasy Lipid Tissue Kit, Quiagen). Specific Homer1a-expressing cells polyA RNAs were immunoprecipitated following the total brain crosslinking (1% formaldehyde perfusion) for sleep deprived (n=6) and control (n=6) animals. The total RNA from the pull-down supernatants were also harvested (n=4). To test for transcriptional changes after sleep deprivation Homer1a-expressing cells, we proceeded in 2 steps: (1) identify probe sets enriched in the pull-down extracts, (2) among those probe sets compare sleep deprivation to control condition in both pull-down (6 vs. 6 chip comparison) and whole-brain (4 vs. 4 chip comparison) extracts. 4728 probe sets were significantly enriched at 5% FDR when pull-downs were compared to both supernatant and whole-brain extracts.
- Dec.12, 2014
- Nov.21, 2014