Dataset: Heme regulates the development of iron-recycling macrophages from monocytes (sorted splenocytes)
Splenic red pulp macrophages (RPM) degrade senescent erythrocytes and recycle heme-associated iron. The transcription factor Spic is...
Splenic red pulp macrophages (RPM) degrade senescent erythrocytes and recycle heme-associated iron. The transcription factor Spic is selectively expressed by RPM and is required for their development, but the physiologic stimulus inducing Spic is unknown. Here, we report that Spic also regulated the development of F4/80+VCAM+ bone marrow macrophages (BMM) and that Spic expression in BMM and RPM development was induced by heme, a metabolite of erythrocyte degradation. Pathologic hemolysis induced loss of RPM and BMM due to excess heme but induced Spic in monocytes to generate new RPM and BMM. Spic expression in monocytes was constitutively inhibited by the transcriptional repressor Bach1. Heme induced proteasome-dependent BACH1 degradation and rapid Spic derepression. Further, cysteine-proline dipeptide motifs in BACH1 that mediate heme-dependent degradation were necessary for Spic induction by heme. These findings are the first example of metabolite-driven differentiation of a tissue-resident macrophage subset and provide new insight into iron homeostasis. Global gene expression pattern of Spic+ monocytes, Spic- monocytes, and Spic high red pulp macrophages were compared by sorting these cells from Spic(igfp/+) splenocytes and performing microarray-based gene expression profiling. Splenocytes were prepared from Spic(igfp/+) mice and were first negatively selected for CD4, CD8, and B220 by MACS (Miltenyi Biotech) purification using the respective microbeads. Negatively selected splenocytes were then stained with anti-CD11b and anti-Ly6c and sorted for Spic+ monocytes (CD11b+Ly6c+Spic+) and Spic- monocytes (CD11b+Ly6c+Spic-). Purified RPM were obtained by staining splenocytes with anti-F4/80 and sorting for F4/80 hi Spic-EGFP hi cells.
- Dec.12, 2014
- Nov.12, 2014
|Red pulp macrophages