Dataset: Gene expression data of human primary keratinocytes with control, EXOSC9 or EXOSC9+GRHL3 knockdown
Stem and progenitor cells maintain the tissue they reside in for life by regulating the balance between proliferation and...
Stem and progenitor cells maintain the tissue they reside in for life by regulating the balance between proliferation and differentiation. How this is done is not well understood. Here, we report that the human exosome maintains progenitor cell function. The expression of several subunits of the exosome were found to be enriched in epidermal progenitor cells, which were required to retain proliferative capacity and to prevent premature differentiation. Loss of PM/Scl-75 also known as EXOSC9, a key subunit of the exosome complex, resulted in loss of cells from the progenitor cell compartment, premature differentiation, and loss of epidermal tissue. EXOSC9 promotes self-renewal and prevents premature differentiation by maintaining transcript levels of a transcription factor necessary for epidermal differentiation, GRHL3, at low levels through mRNA degradation. These data demonstrate that control of differentiation specific transcription factors through mRNA degradation is required for progenitor cell maintenance in mammalian tissue. Refer to publication (Mistry et. Cell Stem Cell 2012) for more detail For gene expression profiling, cultured primary human keratinocytes were knocked down for EXOSC9, EXOSC9 and GRHL3, or control. RNA was harvested from the cells 5 days after knockdown. Microarray analysis using Affymetrix HG-U133 2.0 plus arrays was performed on duplicate samples. Significantly changed genes were identified as previously described(Sen et al., 2010).
- Dec.12, 2014
- Sep.19, 2014